2011 - ALL ROUND NATURE AG. ALL » Wild species » Mouflon



(Ovis aries musimon)


Distribution:Mouflons found in Europe today were reintroduced from the remaining Corsican and Sardinian stock after their near extinction following the last Ice Age. Specimens taken overseas also came from these stocks. Mouflons were reintroduced in historical Hungary in 1896-1897 in Ghymes, Nyitra County, through West European zoos. These stocks served as sources for the reintroduction of the species in Füzérradvány in 1901, and continuously up until 1942 in game reserves in Fehérvárcsurgó, Bakonynána, Mátraszele, Bárdibükk, Kaposmérő and Gyarmatpuszta. Thanks to reintroductions, the species can be found in most parts of the central mountain chains, and today there is also a significant stock in Somogy County's hilly areas.

Habitat:During the reintroduction of mouflons the most important considerations when choosing suitable habitats were altitude above sea level, terrain, soil and undergrowth. Mouflons prefer areas 800-1000 metres up, where the ground is hard, suitable for grazing, covered with low undergrowth and aged and set deciduous or coniferous forests. However, it is essential for mouflons to be able to find dry, rocky areas as well in order to abrade their hooves. Changes in precipitation conditions, especially snow, are particularly important. Mouflons seek out higher altitudes, and they only move further down in winter. In winter months they prefer to stay in areas facing the south or east.

Stocks:Prior to the devastation caused by World War II, just 2,000 specimens were reintroduced, after the war a mere 100 specimens had survived. Up until the 1970s there was a slow regeneration, then due to reintroduction programmes there was a significant increase in their numbers. In 1978 there were an estimated 5,000 specimens, and more than 800 specimens were bagged. The largest estimated number of stock in the 1990s was 10,700 in the year of 1990. Such a large number necessitated a reduction of their numbers. Although the reduction of their numbers or their elimination has been ordered in several areas in the past 20 years, there is a steady growth in their numbers. There were an estimated 10,985 mouflons in 2010, when 3,412 were bagged out of which 932 were rams.

International scores:

185,00 - 194,99



195,00 - 204,99



205,00 -



Hunting season:

Mouflon ram:                whole year round

Ewe, lamb:                   1st September 1 – last day of February

Hunting techniques:The most effective hunting technique is stalking. It is possible to hunt mouflons from a vehicle, but it is complicated and often unmanageable to approach the game with this method when they are in hilly or mountainous areas. Standing hunts are also rendered difficult, because mouflons pay irregular visits to game grazing fields and farmland, and they rarely keep to the same tracks. Where the terrain is suitable, it is possible to bag specimens during a group drive hunt.

The mountain regions of Hungary like Bakony mountains near the Balaton lake, Pilis, Vértes, Bükk and the highest in the country, the Mátra mountain. 

 World record trophies for Hungarian mouflon:

Kill location


IP point

World ranking

Bajna (2004)

97,95 cm

240,75 IP


Vásárosnamény (2001)

103,30 cm

 234,70 IP


Telki (1986)

103,30 cm

233,80 IP


Bajna (2005)

96,00 cm

232,60 IP


Tamalelesz (1991)

97,00 cm

229,10 IP


Gyarmatpuszta (1996)

97,25 cm

228,25 IP


Budakeszi (2004)

98,10 cm

228,25 IP


Gyarmatpuszta (2001)

91,90 cm

227,15 IP


Kisnána (1971)

93,75 cm

226,75 IP


Gyarmatpuszta (2002)

93,00 cm

226,60 IP


Vál (2004)

90,05 cm

226,50 IP


Gyarmatpuszta (2003)

90,25 cm

226,25 IP